Group 4 Experimental Sciences

The study of science at Diploma level aims to develop in students an appreciation of the nature of the scientific method and the important role that scientific knowledge and its applications play in society.

The curriculum addresses the international nature of science and its potential for solving problems that transcend national boundaries.

Both Higher Level and Standard Level students develop knowledge and skills that will allow them to continue their study of science at more advanced levels, but Higher Level students study more topics in more depth and some background in the subject is desirable before starting the course.

Biology (Higher and Standard Level)

The Standard Level course involves the following units and skills:

  • Statistical analysis
  • Cells
  • The chemistry of life
  • Genetics
  • Ecology and evolution
  • Human health and physiology

Option A – diet and human nutrition OR Option B: physiology of exercise

Option G – ecology and conservation.

In addition to the core standard level material, the Higher Level course involves:

  • Nucleic acids and proteins
  • Cell respiration and photosynthesis
  • Plant science
  • Genetics

Option E – neurology and behaviour AND Option H – further human physiology.

Chemistry (Higher and Standard Level)

Topics studied in Grade 11 include:
• Stoichiometry and Atomic Theory
• Bonding
• Energetics
• State of matter
• Equilibra
• Acids and Bases
• Oxidation and Reduction
• Periodicity

Topics studied in Grade 12:
• Kinetics
• Organic chemistry
• Chemical industries
• Examination preparation

Environmental Systems and Societies (Standard Level only)

Students are provided with a coherent perspective of the interrelationships between environmental systems and societies; one that enables them to adopt an informed personal response to the wide range of pressing environmental issues that they will inevitably come to face.

The teaching approach is such that students are allowed to evaluate the scientific, ethical and socio-political aspects of issues.

Because ES&S is an interdisciplinary course, students can study this course and have it count as either a group 3 course or a group 4 course or as both a group 3 and group 4 course.

This leaves students the opportunity to study (an) additional subject(s) from any group of the hexagon including (an) additional subject(s) from groups 3 or 4.

Students will be able to study this course successfully with no specific previous knowledge of science or Geography.

However, as the course aims to foster an international perspective, awareness of local and global environmental concerns and an understanding of the scientific methods, a course that shares these aims would be good preparation.

During the course, students will study seven different topics. The most important aspect of the ES&S course is hands-on work in the laboratory and/or out in the field.

Physics (Higher Level and Standard Level)

Topics studied in Grade 11 include:
• Measurement
• Forces and motion
• Momentum and energy
• Thermal physics and global climate
• Electric charge, fields and circuits
• Electromagnetism and fossil fuels power production

Topics studied in Grade 12 include:
• Oscillations and waves
• Nuclear physics
• Nuclear energy and renewable energy sources
• Quantum physics and digital technologies
• Examination

In addition to the core topics, two optional topics are studied, including some of the following:
• Astrophysics
• Relativity and particle physics
• Communications
• Electromagnetic waves
• Medical physics.